عنوان مقاله [English]
Townscape is a complex phenomenon in physical and perceptual terms of the environment being created by various layers of form, function, and meaning through the interaction with the human mind and playing an important role in promoting the visual and perceptual capabilities of urban spaces; Although looking at and reading the city merely as townscape will not be responsive to the complex urban problems, the attention to the townscape as a basic and necessary tool (but not enough) for reading the city text in order to respond to part of the urban issues and the rights of citizenship is necessary. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the visual and spatial quality of Qom's Imam Khomeini Square based on the view of the experts, seeking to answer the main research question as: Based on the criteria and sub-criteria derived from Simon Bell's Landscape Analysis Technique, how each of the four sides of Qom's Imam Khomeini Square is evaluated? In order to achieve this aim, a descriptive-analytical research method was used based on an assessment of the current situation according to the data collected using observation, photography, SWOT and AHP techniques based on the framework proposed in the "Simon Bell Landscape Analysis Technique".
In order to weigh the criteria and sub-criteria of this technique, the average expert viewpoints of thirty urban experts in the form of a questionnaire and evaluation matrices within the AHP hierarchical structure was used. The rate of inconsistency in the judgments of experts was less than 0.1 indicating the consistency and logical validity of the experts' viewpoints.
According to research findings, in townscape analysis of Imam Khomeini Square based on the selected framework, the spatial organizing pattern was evaluated 43.9%, the structural organizing pattern with 38.3%, and the ordering organizing pattern with 17.8%. Overall, the evaluation of townscape organizing patterns in the eastern side was highest at 44.4%, in the northern side 29.4%, in the western side 16.4%, and in the south side 9.8% of the normalized score. As such the south side of the square is prioritized to be redesigned.