عنوان مقاله [English]
Residential complexes, like any other built-in, in addition to their physical and physical space, contain perceptual load for citizens. Visual quality plays an important role in the formation of this perceptive time. Thus, attention to the perceptual function of residential complexes is, to a large extent, dependent on the quality of the visual, which is considered qualitative, and hence its analysis has many complications. In this regard, Isovist analysis and sightlines provide effective tools for analysis and, consequently, visual quality assesment, through quantitative methods. Thus, the purpose of this study is to provide a method for using the isovist tool and sightlines in the process of measuring visual quality in residential complexes. This research was done in Kermanshah. To this end, residential complexes located in the city of Kermanshah, are based on a quantitative, typological and categorical method using form analyzes. Then, in order to prevent the inconsistency of urban space around the complexes as interfering factors, the shape of the types has been homogeneous with the normalization method and the spatial-qualitative quality of the normalized types has also been measured by the spacemate tool. In the next step, their visual quality was measured using the isovist tool, based on area indices, thrust angle, maximum line of sight and monopoly line, and quantitative data extracted. Finally, the correlation between the data obtained from visual quality measurements and the data obtained from the measurement of the spatial-physical quality of types has been tested and analyzed. The findings of this research show that each of the residential complexes has visual quality indicators and certain sightlines that are comparable quantitatively and qualitatively with other types. Also, the results of this study show that the isovist indexes, which represent the visual quality of the types, have a correlation with the spatial indexes of the types. This implies the validity of the proposed method in isovistic analysis and sightlines in assessing the visual quality of residential complexes, and illustrates the use of the spacemate charts in the visual quality of residential complexes. The results of this research can be used potentially in the design of residential complexes and, consequently, affect the quality of residential designs.