نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری تخصصی معماری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شیراز، گروه هنر و معماری، شیراز ، ایران

2 دانشیار دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شیراز، گروه هنر و معماری، شیراز ، ایران

چکیده

امروزه پرداختن به موضوع حضور جوانان در فضاهای شهری و ارتباط آن با مؤلفه­های معماری بسیار با اهمیت است. دستیابی به نقش این عناصر در افزایش حضور جوانان در معابر، گام مهمی برای کاهش مشکلات جوانان خواهد بود. تقویت حضور جوانان، ضمن ایجاد تعامل با سایر شهروندان، زمینه استفاده از این فرصت ارزشمند به منظور برنامه­ریزی اوقات فراغت جوانان و افزایش سرزندگی شهروندان در فضاهای شهری خواهد بود. مهم­ترین هدف این پژوهش، ارزیابی تأثیر عناصر کالبدی معماری از جمله فرم و شکل نمای بناهای مجاور معابر شهری، رنگ بدنه‌ها، نوع کف‌سازی، مبلمان، تنوع کاربری، محل قرارگیری و شکل باغچه‌ها و آب‌نماها و ... بر میزان حضور جوانان در فضاهای شهری و به ویژه معابر است. این تحقیق از نقطه نظر هدف بیرونی از گونه کاربردی است. روش تحقیق در این پژوهش توصیفی تحلیلی بوده و دیدگاه 400 نفر از شهروندان شامل ساکنان، کسبه و رهگذران، با استفاده از ابزار پرسشنامه محقق ساخته، برداشت شده است. این برداشت­ها  با استفاده از تحلیل­های آماری در نرم­افزار SPSS v.24 اولویت‌بندی گردیدند. در ادامه با روش تجزیه و تحلیل عاملی، محتوا و بار عاملی پرسش­های موجود در هر یک از مؤلفه­ها ارائه گردیده است. بر مبنای نتـایج حاصل از تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها، مهمترین مؤلفه­ها از نظـر پاسـخ دهنـدگان دسته­بندی شد. یافته­های تحقیق نشان می­دهد، عناصر مبلمان شهری بـا ضـریب همبسـتگی 64/. در مقایسه با مؤلفه­های خدمات عمومی و رفاهی، محیطی، ویژگی­های عملکردی، مؤلفه­های ایمنی و امنیت، تنوع فضایی، کالبدی و  مؤلفه­های انعطاف پذیری، بیشترین تأثیر را بر افزایش حضور جوانان در خیابان عفیف­آباد شیراز داشته­اند. همچنین مشخص گردید، توجه به نظافت و پاکیزگی محیط و دسترسی به خدمات عمومی، مهمترین عوامل مورد توجه جوانان حاضر در خیابان عفیف­آباد به منظور انگیزه حضور آنان در معابر شهری بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing the environmental and physical factors on youth presence in urban passes (Case Study: Afif Abad Street in Shiraz City)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Mosallanejad 1
  • Khosro Movahed 2
  • hadi keshmiri 2

1 Ph.D.student in Architecture, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz Branch, Department of Art and Architecture, Shiraz, Iran.

2 Associate Professor of Art and Architecture, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz Branch, Department of Art and Architecture, Shiraz, Iran

چکیده [English]

     Urban passages are one of the most important urban spaces that have long been the main focus of citizens’ social attendance, particularly the youth. Young people can increase the dynamism and vitality of these spaces with their purposeful attendance. It is of great significance today to address the issue of young people’s attendance of urban spaces and its relationship with architectural components. It is an important step in reduction of the problems of the youth to identify the roles played by these elements in their attendance of passages. Their interaction with other citizens in the streets of the city of Shiraz, Iran can increase the vitality of the urban spaces and provide them with a valuable opportunity to manage their leisure time.
The main purpose of this research was to assess the impacts of architectural elements on young people’s attendance of urban spaces. These elements include the shapes of the urban buildings, their colors, flooring types, furniture, and land use variety, and the locations and shapes of the gardens and fountains.
The area under investigation is Afifabad Street in Shiraz. The street is 950 meters long and 13 meters wide with about 11 meters of sidewalk on each side. It extends from Qasr al-Dasht Intersection to Afifabad Garden. This urban passage provides a crowded, powerful commercial texture with shopping attraction. This study was aimed at investigating the environmental and functional quality components of its architectural design in order to increase youngsters’ attendance of urban passages.
For evaluation of the impacts of physical architectural elements on young people’ attendance of urban passages and their liveliness in this applied research, expert views on the components of urban attendance were first identified through library and documentary studies with an emphasis on the youth. Then, the physical elements that enhance attendance of urban passages were examined, followed by an identification of the components of its reinforcement.
In this descriptive-analytical research, the required data were collected through questionnaires obtained from a random sample of 400 respondents that resided, did business, or walked in Afifabad Street. The statistical analysis of the questionnaires was made using SPSS 24, and the important factors related to the environmental components were obtained using the method of factor analysis.
The findings demonstrated that the urban furniture element was correlated with some other components such as public and welfare services, environmental components, functional characteristics, safety, and security. Spatial diversity and physical components were found to exhibit the greatest impacts on the attempt to increase young people’s attendance of Afifabad Street, where the correlation coefficient of the relationship was 0.64.
It should also be noted that the factors most important to the youth included the concern for the cleanliness of the urban environment and the availability of public services, which can motivate their attendance of the urban area.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • environmental and physical factors
  • Attendance
  • the youth
  • urban passage
  • Afifabad Street

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