عنوان مقاله [English]
How does the framework of planning research process define the four elements or levels of ontology, epistemology, methodology and the method that constitute research and therefore should be taken into account when doing research? This paper has been written to provides rationale for using a constructivist grounded theory method for urban and regional planning research. The grounded theory by embedding in the framework of emic approach in planning researches describes it from participants’ points of view, producing a view of how participants understand and accept it as real and meaningful. By recognizing the stories and narratives of the actors involved in planning processes it is possible to decipher the underlying values and shared perceptions in planning practices. In constructivist grounded theory method, the researcher’s approach is explicitly based on the assumption that any theoretical interpretation is an interpretive image of the universe studied, rather than a detailed image of it. The constructivist grounded theory practice in this research has been followed in accordance with the proposed Charmaz process. The Data for analyzing of mental elements of participants by deep semi-structured interviews are provided. After performing the pre-coding steps, including data collection and Transcription, the data analysis stage and triple coding spectra: initial coding, focused coding, and finally theoretical coding has been delineated. In other words, it highlights on the processes of data collection using deep semi-structured interviewing and three stages of data analysis specialized in constructivist grounded theory, namely: open coding, focused coding and theoretical coding. In addition, the processes of constructivist grounded theory conceptualization using memo writing and theoretical saturation are highlighted. Recognition of this approach among the other approaches of grounded theory and the successive process which is applicable to planning research through a descriptive-analytic method derived from extensive theoretical studies and the practical experience in applying this process had been by survey method. It can be concluded that the constructivist grounded theory has the capability of usage in tracing the urban and regional planner’s understandings from planning artifacts, planning environment and social context and by considering the place-based nature of urban and regional planning theories, in developing the substantive and middle-range planning theory for specific situation.