عنوان مقاله [English]
The quality of designing public open spaces as a resort for leisure has an important role in the satisfaction of individuals. Feelings of pleasure and satisfaction will occur when a person has reached a relative level of physical and mental (environmental comfort) and is free from constraints. Also one of the factors of satisfaction is environmental comfort due to climatic hierarchy. However, urban microclimate is one of the factors that is needed to design urban spaces and public open spaces in order to achieve environmental comfort and satisfaction. In this regard, the Shohada Square of Mashhad has also lost its environmental comfort as a public open space surrounded by commercial and administrative buildings and a specific spatial structure, as well as conflicts with urban microclimate issues.
Therefore, in order to investigate the Shohada sq. in order to create environmental comfort with the help of urban microclimate, a questionnaire with closed questions (in the Likert spectrum) was tested on a sample size of 112 people. In this regard, the research methodology is based on analytical method with the help of inferential statistics (confirmatory factor analysis test) and analysis with Sketch software and finally rhino analysis (umi plugin) to understand the microclimate factors is in line with the comfort of square. The results of this study indicate that that Shohada Square as a public open space that has a great potential in terms of location and location and despite the fact that this space has a strong historical background and a deep historical aspect to the metropolis of Mashhad as a historical cultural document of the city and has a direct relationship with the holy shrine, neglecting the lack of a proper relationship between its surrounding construction with the wisdom of urban microclimates, and also neglecting the field space itself in relation to sub-climates, degrading and greatly degrading environmental comfort. It has become citizens and even pilgrims, and it has become a dead field.Therefore, it should be stated that by promoting and paying attention to such indicators as the comfort level of the Shohada, the degree of shadowing effect on the comfort of the field, the amount of leisure time in the field, the degree of influence of old identity on the willingness to spend time in the field, Impact of land use on the willingness to spend time in the field, the impact of climate and field space on the willingness to spend time in the field, the lack of urban facilities to address the radiation problem, and ultimately the desirability of field flooring can be achieved by environmental comfort on the basis of urban micro climate. Reached. After summarizing the observations and analyzes obtained from the software, it can be concluded that by upgrading the above, along with changes in thermal adjustment and shading in the longitudinal sections of the field and the central sections, the maximum relaxation and satisfaction of citizens can be achieved when using The space of the field was achieved.