عنوان مقاله [English]
Urbanization development, issues and specific problems in urban life have more than in the past made clear the global attention to strategies and useful solutions for optimizing the life of urban residents. Amongst such topics as urban environment, urban safety, urban planning and urban development, urban management is a very crucial factor. City development strategy is a new tool to help development and it can be used for comprehensive and global tidal changes response management, urban poverty reduction and local economy development. Most strategies of urban development as a participatory process follow three main objectives: improving urban management, urban economic growth and poverty reduction. Tourism development is one aspect of national development which in various countries has a great role of importance in economic, cultural, social and political aspects and is an important tool for city development strategy.
The aim of this research is to investigate the role of city development strategy in city planning management to gain tourism development and economic and social prosperity on Hormoz Island. To achieve this goal, the following questions were raised:
1- Can strategic planning guarantee the development of Hormoz Island?
2- Can union of Hormoz Island and Qeshm Free Zone with an integrated management of Qeshm Free Zone Organization affect tourism development and prosperity of Hormoz Island?
The methodology of this research was based on descriptive, analytical and applied methods using laboratory investigation and field work method (interview and questionnaire forms) and findings were calculated by the use of SPSS software and chi square test. In addition, SWOT analysis was used for determination of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, and the SOAR strategic model was used for strategic development, strength description, opportunities, aspirations result outcomes.
The development of tourism in the world needs an effectivemanagement system, strong and advanced infrastructure and improvement of required capacities. One of the most important factors in the tourism development in each region is management knowhow.
The results show that tourism development on Hormoz Island despite historical and natural attractions has had slow progressdue to a lack of required infrastructures, good management, services and social welfare. The future outlook of tourism on Hormoz Island is based on its becoming Free Zone in an efficient management system with the goal of economic prosperity and social development of the region in the three fields of historical, cultural and ecotourism – geotourism.
Document of future perspective:
Shores and Islands of Persian Gulf and Oman Sea, lying on natural, cultural and historical attractions, are some of the most important locations for tourism in the region. The Fourth Economic Programme for the Persian Gulf Coast and Islands focused on tourism as tourism can be developed to create jobs, earn foreign exchange and regional development.
It is recommended that in preparing a document for future visions, Qeshm Free Zone Organization should take advantage of the pristine natural, historical and cultural capacities of Hormoz Island for the development of the tourism industry and attract more tourists to this region through Hormoz Island economic, social and tourism sectors development in the three areas of historical, cultural and ecotourism - geo-tourism. to Using comparative and competitive advantages in terms of geographical location,in addition to the conservation and management of natural and cultural resources, favorable conditions for improving quality of life will be provided. Moreover, by establishing the appropriate infrastructure for tourism, attracting foreign investment, establishment of hotels and tourism facilities, as well as the creation of a competitive market with the Persian Gulf countries in the tourism industry, Hormoz and Qeshm Islands would be introduced as a gateway for tourism in southern Iran and the Persian Gulf.