عنوان مقاله [English]
Developing of settlements, concentration of population, increasing of accepting the different functions and weakness of human and physical factors has increased the attention to the safety cultural components. In this regard, safety culture was governing the most important preventive measures at the time of natural and human-made disasters. Lack of safety culture among the people, executives, and the administrative is of the fundamental problems in the crisis management plan in Iran. Social infrastructure to cope with a natural disaster has faced the effectiveness of the actions of government agencies with major challenges. Therefore, we should look the many of social groups as an opportunity and social capital. This descriptive study aimed to identify the effective components and their formulation in the safety of social environments. Communities' safety has increased their capability and capacity to deal with crises and provides the potential of the arrangements required and also provides their continuity and effectiveness. This paper answers the questions such as: what are the effective components in safety of social environments and whether there is a relationship between the education and improvement of the safety components in the social environments? In this survey, the statistical population was Rasht City with 384 samples (using Morgan Table) and we used cluster sampling. Our findings include formulation of the effective components in safeness of the social environments such as considering the effective components in developing objectives and policies in crisis management plans, participation, social capitals, suitability, social integration, and role of education in safety of local societies.