رابطه اعتماد اجتماعی با توسعه محله ای نمونه موردی؛ محله فهادان شهر یزد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مدیر گروه شهرسازی دانشکده هنرو معماری دانشگاه یزد.

2 مدیر گروه دانشکده علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه یزد.

3 دانشجوی ارشد برنامه ریزی شهری دانشگاه یزد

چکیده

چکیده
محله را می‌توان یکی از مهم‌ترین بازوهای رشد و توسعه شهرها دانست چراکه نمی‌توان شهرهایی توسعه‌یافته داشت، درحالی‌که محلات توسعه‌یافته نباشند. ازاین‌ رو شناخت عمیق‌تر نظام توسعه محلات، و پر کردن شکاف موجود(عدم توجه به سطوح پایین‌تر نظام شهری) می‌تواند به درک درست برنامه‌ریزان در اتخاذ تصمیمات درست منتهی شود. از سویی اعتماد اجتماعی موضوعی حیاتی برای جوامع انسانی است،که ارتباطی اساسی با نظام توسعه محله‌ای دارد. از این رو پژوهش حاضر قصد دارد تا به بررسی رابطه اعتماد اجتماعی با توسعه محله‌ای در محله فهادان شهر یزد بپردازد. روش‌شناسی این پژوهش ازنظر هدف از نوع کاربردی- توسعه‌ای و ازنظر ماهیت و روش، توصیفی- تحلیلی می‌باشد. و حجم نمونه در پژوهش حاضر از طریق نمونه گیری احتمالی طبقه بندی شده 365 نمونه انتخاب شده است. ابزار مورد استفاده در این پژوهش پرسشنامه است، که یافته‌های حاصل از پرسشنامه در نرم‌افزار SPSS و Amos مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفته است. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان می دهد که ارتباط مستقیم و معناداری بین اعتماد اجتماعی و توسعه محله‌ای وجود دارد. ابعاد مختلف اعتماد اجتماعی، 30 درصد واریانس توسعه محله‌ای را تبیین می‌کند. همچنین به ترتیب ضرایب بتای استاندارد شده در متغیرهای اعتماد نهادی با ضریب (307/0=β)، اعتماد بین شخصی با ضریب (185/0=β) ، اعتماد تعمیم یافته با ضریب بتای(158/0=β) و اعتماد اعتماد به محیط با ضریب بتای(103/0=β)، بیشترین سهم را در تبیین توسعه محله‌ای دارند. نتایج مدل سازی معادلات ساختاری نشان می‌دهد که با افزایش اعتماد اجتماعی، مولفه‌های توسعه محله نیز افزایش می‌باید.
کلمات کلیدی: اعتماد اجتماعی، توسعه محله‌ای ، محله فهادان، شهر یزد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The relationship between Social trust and community development case study: Fhadan neighborhood in Yazd

نویسنده [English]

  • hadi torkashvand 3
چکیده [English]

Community is one of the most important and fundamental aspects in physical divisions in cities which is considered the oldest heritage of urbanization. It has played important role in spatial and physical structure of the city in the past, but today the structure and functions of communities of the city has mostly changed, community networks and physical and social spaces have been destroyed causing many problems for cities including destruction of social relationships, migration of native inhabitants in historical communities, the decrease of people’s community participation, increase of crimes, physical and infrastructural problems, and insecurity. These problems are only a small part of problems related to lack of attention to community development in urban studies systems. Development of city programming in its evolution and using development of city programming in community development format and programmers’ attention to social problems instead of considering common approaches which emphasize physical problems have caused greater attention being paid to urban communities and local societies compared to the past.  In this way, considering urban communities as one of the principal units of urban programming and studying its capacities was the fundamental and important priority in many countries to recognize and count abilities of local societies. Furthermore, community can be considered one of the most important arms of urban growth. Therefore, a deeper understanding of community development system and bridging the existing gap can lead to better understanding by planners in making the right decisions. On the other hand, social trust is a critical issue for human societies with fundamental links to community development. The present study aims to investigate the relationship between social trust with community development in the Fahadan community of Yazd. Because of physical, cultural and social values and identity in communities in general and in historical communities specifically programming can be very important. The methodology of this research in terms of aim is applicable- developmental and in terms of the nature and method is descriptive – analytical. The used tool was a questionnaire that was analyzed in SPSS and Amos softwares. The results show that there is a direct and significant relationship between social trust and community development. Moreover, Standardized Beta coefficient in institutional trust variables by a factor of (307/0 = β), interpersonal trust by a factor of (185/0 = β), generalized trust by a factor of (158/0 = β) and self-confidence environment with beta coefficient (103/0 = β) have the largest share in explaining community development. Structural equation modeling results show that by increasing social trust, community development components should also increase. Finally, according to research components some recommendations were presented and the obtained results of the studies were compared with existing studies. It was found that the findings was propounded by Ziari  et al and similar to Madani’s research.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • social trust
  • Community development
  • Fahadan community
  • The city of Yazd
  • · Armanshahr counselors engeenirs. (2009). Strategic plan of worn texture of Yazd. Seventh Part, Housing and Urban Development Yazd province. [In Persian].
  • · Choguill, C, L. (2008). Developing sustainable neighborhoods. Habitat International.
  • · Divsalar, F. (2012). Pathology social trust in Auto Posts. Andisheh Adabi, 2(4), 98-120. [In Persian].
  • · Gidenz, A. (1999). Modernization and individuation. Nei Publication: Tehran. [In Persian].
  • · Hajipoor, Kh. (2006). Community base planning- a workable toward establishing stable urban management.Honarhaie ziba  journal, 26, 25-35. [In Persian].
  • · Hariri Akbari, M. (2001). Democracy and citizenship. Human Science Journal, 29, 133-150. [In Persian].
  • · Hezarjaribi, J., & Najafi M. M. (2010). Social trust and the development of tourism. Urban and Regional Studies and Research, 2(7), 53-70. [In Persian].
  • · Jomepoor, M. (2012). An introduction to rural development planning, perspectives and methods. SAMT: Tehran (5th edition). [In Persian].
  • · Khakpoor et al. (2009). The role of social investment in stable base development. Goghrafa and Tose’eNahieie, 12, 85-96. [In Persian].
  • · Kolman, J. (1998). Social theories bases. Nei Publication: Tehran (1st edition). [In Persian].
  • · Lin, N. (2001) Social Capital: A theory of structure and action. London and New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • · Luederitza, Ch., Langa, D. J., & Von Wehrden, H. (2013). A systematic review of guiding principles for sustainable urban neighborhood development. Landscape and Urban Planning, 118, 40– 52.
  • · Madani, B. (2012). Analyzing new patterns of development planning. a case study of NAarmak region of Tehran. MA thesis of urban planning, Tarbiat Modares University. [In Persian].
  • · Masoodinia et al. (2015). Analysis of the effect of social trust on the modes of political participation. Masaele Ejtemaeh Iran, 5(2), 77-97. [In Persian].
  • · Mousavi, A. (2006). Neighborhood development planning with an emphasis on social capital. MA thesis, Tarbiat Modarres University. [In Persian].
  • · Mousavi, Y. (2012). The new neighborhood of urban sociology of development sites. , Manzar Journal, 18, p. 70. [In Persian].
  • · Nourian Najafabadi, M. (2010). A Comparative Study of social capital among students of Yazd and Isfahan Universities. MA thesis, Social Science Department. [In Persian].
  • · Onston, RJ. et al. (2001). He dictionary of Human Geography. Black well, New York.
  • · Phillips,Rhonda & Pittman, H. R. (2009). “Anintroduction to Community Development”, Routledge Taylor & Francis Group publication. London & New York.
  • · Pirbabaiy, M. (2004). Capacity development sites, Abstracts of articles of development sites conference. Tehran: Tehran Municipality. [In Persian].
  • · Putnam, R. D. (2007). "E Pluribus Unum: Diversity and community in the twenty-First century the 2006 Johan Skytel Prize Lecture”. Scandinavian Political Studies, 30(2), pp. 137-174.
  • · Rabbani, R. (2002). Urban sociology. SAMT Publication: Isfahan. [In Persian].
  • · Ricketts, A. (2008). Participation in place-Making: Enhancing the wellbeing of marginalized communities in Aotearoa/New Zealand, Masters Of Architecture Thesis. Wellington, Victoria University of Wellington.
  • · Sarafi, M. (2009). Integrated urban management in the service of community development,Manzar journal , 12. [In Persian].
  • · Schuler, D. (1996). New community networks. Washington, the Evergreen State College.
  • · Sharafi et al. (2008). People participation in preparing upgrading plans and neighborhood development, case study of Amiabbad.Nameh Meamari and Sharsazi, p. 36. [In Persian].
  • · Shiri Mohammad Abad, H., & Afshani, A. (2015). The relationship between social trust and social health among women of Yazd city. Iran Social Studies and research, 4(2), 277-299. [In Persian].
  • · Townsend, C. L. (2005). Social capital: Empirical Meaning and Measurement Validity. Australia Institute of Family studies, Research paper, 27.
  • · Zahedi, Sh. (2007). Stable development. SAMT Publication: Tehran (1st edition). [In Persian].
  • · Ziari et al. (2014). Regional development examining and ranking with focus on social invest factors, case study of Abarkooh urban region. Research and Urban Planning, 5(18), 59-76. [In Persian].