-Alavi,S.A, Hoseini,S.M,Ebrahimi,M.(2014). Investigating the Impact of Environmental Quality on Vendalist Behaviors (Case Study: Mashhad City). Joghrafiaye ensani Research journal , Second Year, No. 8, Winter 2014. [in Persian]
-Aldrin, Abdullah, , Mohd Salleh, Mohd Najib , Md Sakip, Siti Rasidah,2012, Fear of Crime in Gated and Non-gated Residential Areas, Asia Pacific International Conference on Environment-Behaviour Studies, Salamis Bay, Conti Resort Hotel, Famagusta, North Cyprus, 7-9 December 2012.
Andresen, M., & Malleson, N. (2011). Testing the stability of crime patterns: Implications-
for theory and policy. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 48, 58–82.
Andresen, M. A. (2006). Crime measures and the spatial analysis of criminal activity-
British Journal of Criminology, 46, 258–285.
Andresen, M. A. (2011). The ambient population and crime analysis. The Professional-
Geographer, 63, 193–212.
-Andresen, M. A., & Jenion, G. W. (2010). Ambient populations and the calculation of crime rates and risk. Security Journal, 23, 114–133.
Brantingham , P. L., & Brantingham, P. J. (1993). Nodes, paths and edges: Considerations-
on the complexity of crime and the physical environment. Journal of Environmental
Psychology, 13, 3–28 .
Clarke ,r . v .g .1991. tracking vandalism . a home office research unit report, London.-
-Esmaeilpourhamedani, S .(2013). Urban Growth Strategy Analysis for Sustainable Development with Emphasis on Compact Growth Pattern Case Study: Hamedan City Growth, The First National Symposium on Smart City , aali Sepehr Institute, Isfahan. [in Persian]
Felson , M., & Boivin, R. (2015). Daily crime flows within a city. Crime Science, 4, 31.-
-Felson,M., & Newton, A. (2015). Crime patterns in time and space: The dynamics of crime opportunities in Urban areas. Special issue. Crime Science, 4.
-Ghasemi,V,Zolaktaf,V,Noralivand,A.( 2009). Sociological Description of Factors Affecting Vandalism and Thuggery in Soccer Sports. Olampic journal,17 year,No.1. [in Persian]
-Hauber ,a.r.1991, delinquency and vandalism in the netherland public transportation system. Economic research center. Netherlands
-Home Office (2013). Theft from the person: Information pack for partners. London: Home Office
-Hoseini,S.B, Kameli, M.(2012). Spatial Analysis of Contemplation, Conflict and Evil Causes by Geographic Information System (Case Study: Qom City), daneshe entezami Journal, 15rd time, No. 3, autumn. [in Persian]
-Jeikobz, J.(2006), The death and life of big American cities, Translator: Parsi.H. Tehran. [in Persian]
-Joon TagCho, Jisun Park, 2017, Exploring the effects of CCTV upon fear of crime: A multi level approach in Seoul , International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice
Volume 49, June 2017, Pages 35-45.
-Kalen,G.(1998). Selection of Urban Landscape, Translator: Tabibian, M. Tehran daneshghah Press. [in Persian]
Kautt, P., Kurland, J., & Morina, A. D. (2011). The event effect: Demonstrating the impact-
of denominator selection on floor and ceiling crime rate estimates in the context of
public events. Crime rates, types and hot spots. Nova Publishers
Kinney, J. B., Brantingham, P. L., Wuschke, K., Kirk, M. G., & Brantingham, P. J. (2008-
Crime attractors, generators and detractors: Land use and urban crime opportunities
Built Environment, 34, 62–74
-Kurland, J., Johnson, S. D., & Tilley, N. (2014). Offenses around stadiums: A natural
experiment on crime attraction and generation. Journal of Research in Crime and
Delinquency, 51, 5–28.
-LiHe, Antonio, Pez ,Desheng Liuc, 2017. Built environment and violent crime: An environmental audit approach using Google Street View, Volume 66, November 2017, Pages 83-95.
-Lowlin Davis,( 2010). Secure Places for Crime Prevention and Prevention, Translator: Honarvar .M, Amini, Arman Shahr. [in Persian]
-Maghsoudi, S, Bani-Fatemeh, Z.(2003). Analysis of the content of wall-classes of classrooms in Kerman University of Shahid Bahonar. Refah e ejtemai Research Papers,N. 13. [in Persian]
-Malleson, Nick,. Andresen, Marti, , 2016,Exploring the impact of ambient population measures on London crime hotspots,School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK Institute for Canadian Urban Research Studies.
-Mapping Organization of Hamedan Province, (2015). [in Persian]
-Marsh,P. et all(1996)"Football Violence In Europe", Amsterdam School For Social Issues Research Center.
-Mohseni Tabrizi, A. (2000). Theoretical and Empirical Foundations and vandalism: A Review of the Findings of a Study. Oloum ejtemai journal ,N. 16: 227-193. [in Persian]
-Mohseni Tabrizi, A, Ghahremani, S, Yahak, S. (2011). Urban Defenseless Spaces and Violence (A Case Study of Dwelling Spaces in Tehran). Jamehe shenasi karbordi,N. 22: 70- 51. [in Persian]
-Mohseni Tabrizi, A. (2004). Vanalism, The Basics of Social Psychology. Tehran: Aan Publications. [in Persian]
-Mohseni Tabrizi, A. et al. (1997). The issue of vandalism in Tehran and ways of preventing and treating it. Tehran: Deputy of Social Affairs of Tehran Municipality and Institute of Social Studies and Research of Tehran University. [in Persian]
-Navah, A. Kupai, M.(2011). Social and Personality Factors Affecting Vandalism (Subversion) among High School Students in Ahvaz City. Motaleat tosehe ejtemai iran Journal . 4 year, N.2. [in Persian]
-Office for National Statistics (2014a). Chapter 1: Property crime — Overview. Crime statistics ,focus on property crime, 2013/14 Release. London: Office for National Statistic.
-Organization of Statistics of Iran ,(2015). [in Persian]
-Sherman, L.W., Gartin, P. R., & Buerger, M. E. (1989). Hot spots of predatory crime: Routine activities and the criminology of place. Criminology, 27, 27–5.
-Tavasoli, M.(1996). Principles and Methods of Urban Design and Residential Spaces in Iran, Vol. 1, markaz e motaleat va tahghighat e shahrsazi va memari iran. [in Persian]
--Thompson, Kirrilly,Offler, Naomi,Hirscha, Lily, Daniell, Everya, Matthew,,2012,From broken windows to a renovated research agenda: A review of the literature on vandalism and graffiti in the rail industry, J.ThomasaDrewDawsona
-Weisburd, D, & Amram, S, (2014). The lawof concentrations of crime at place: The case of Tel Aviv-Jaffa. Police Practice and Research, 15, 101–114.
-Weisburd, D. L., Groff, E. R., & Yang, S. -M. (2012). The criminology of place: Street segments and our understanding of the crime problem. Oxford; New York: OUP US