عنوان مقاله [English]
By entering the third millennium, the physical, social, economic and environmental problems caused by urbanization are one of the challenges facing cities, to achieve sustainable urban living, especially metropolitan cities. Urban neighborhoods, as a living environment, should create a passionate and vibrant environment for their inhabitants, which is closely related to the forgotten sense of modern cities, the concept of happiness. However, that feelings of chaos and lack of joy and happiness can be felt by passing the various urban neighborhoods that reflect how citizens live. While a good government in a city will always pursue policies that bring happy results to people of life, to enhance quality of life and sustainability. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate happiness and joy in two textures with different characteristics in order to understand the status of dimensions and indicators of a happy city for urban management, to be considered in the new design. And moving towards greater sustainability of local communities. For this purpose, comparative comparisons of two neighborhoods have been considered from the old texture (Tabarsee neighborhood) and new texture (Fareq al tahsilan neighborhood) of Mashhad city. The present study is a descriptive-analytic method based on a popular questionnaire. Accordingly, 320 questionnaires were analyzed using SPSS software using Friedman test, Mann-Whitney, Spearman, Chi-square and Cramer coefficient. The results of this study show that among the dimensions of happiness, only the physical dimension of the Fareq al tahsilan neighborhood (new context) is in a favorable condition, which is slightly higher than the average quality. The economic and social dimensions of happiness in both neighborhoods are less than theoretical and inappropriate. According to Friedman's results, there is a significant difference between the indicators of happiness in the old and new neighborhoods. Also, the comparison of the average total rank of indicators in the two neighborhoods indicates that indicators such as access to public transportation, the quality of service, access to open and natural spaces, has the best status of indicators, as well as attention to popular participation in the preparation and implementation of the projects and the amount of participation and the frequency of the problem solving sessions are the lowest rank among the two neighborhoods. On the other hand, the comparison of the happiness of people from life in two textures in the Mann-Whitney test showed that the average happiness rate in the Fareq al tahsilan neighborhood (new texture) is greater than the Tabarsee neighborhood (old texture), but it should be noted that The difference between these two in terms of happiness is not so much and tangible. Also, evaluation of the relationship between variables and indicators with residents' happiness based on chi-square tests, Kramer's coefficient and Spearman's correlation coefficient in two neighborhoods showed that joy and happiness with income variables, ownership of the residential unit, ethnicity, employment, marital status and the number of household members has a positive relationship and has negative relationship with age. Job safety indexes in both neighborhoods on the economic dimension; the level of safety and quality of lighting in the old neighborhood and the access to green space and the quality of the water space in the new neighborhood of the physical dimension; the level of security in the old neighborhood and the participation in native celebrations; Participating in solving problems in the new neighborhood; having the most solidarity with joy and happiness.