عنوان مقاله [English]
Objectives: Sense of place is directly related to the level of satisfaction and the continued presence of people in a neighborhood. Lack of sufficient understanding of the effective dimensions on sense of place and also the differences and similarities between the effective factors in different urban areas leads to a decrease in residents’ correlation, social participation and motivation of residents to living in their neighborhoods. The purpose of this paper is comparing the effective factors on sense of the place in the new and old neighborhoods of Ardabil.
Methodology: For this purpose, was used of descriptive research method. First, based on reviewing of the literature and field studies, interviewing of residents of the neighborhoods and then analyzing their statements, was extracted a researcher-made questionnaire with 57 questions. The respondents consisted of 200 people were selected by cluster sampling method among inhabitants in the residential neighborhoods of Ardabil by the Cochran formula. 100 questionnaires were distributed in the old neighborhoods and 100 questionnaires were completed in new neighborhoods of Ardabil. In the next step, statistical analysis including Pearson correlation test and t-test were calculated by SPSS 21.
Findings: In old neighborhoods, the residents usually live there from birth or for a long time. Therefore, they are emotionally connected with each other and with their neighborhoods, too. As a result of these historical and family links, residents of the old neighborhoods of Ardebil have more sense of belonging and ownership, and also have more incentive to influence on their neighborhood, participating in different activities, collective and public activities, compatibility with the place, control and social monitoring, and so on. Other factors that increase the sense of place in old neighborhoods are the activity of the neighborhood center as a turning point in the neighborhood and the cultural and religious affiliations and the mosque as a factor in the relationship of individuals with each other, which is weak in new neighborhoods. On the other hand, in the old neighborhoods, we noticed the lack of some elements and factors and need to new places like green spaces and parks, places for the activity of different ages and like this. In new neighborhoods in comparing the old neighborhoods, due to the presence of some effective physical factors such as natural elements, open spaces, facilities and similar cases, were seen the desirable level of satisfaction of residents.
Results: Based on the results, although the sense of belonging to the place in the old neighborhoods is stronger than new neighborhoods, the effective factors on the sense of place in the old neighborhoods have different nature in comparing the new neighborhoods, in other words, in the old neighborhoods, there are some factors are more important and in new neighborhoods, some other factors of sense of place are stronger, which causes the residents satisfaction of each neighborhood. Different residential motivations of people lead to a choice between old and new neighborhoods. As a result, people in the old and new neighborhoods gain some factors of sense of place and lose some others that in the ideal state, in order to aggregate the different effective factors on the sense of place in a neighborhood, the first step was to identify and compare the factors that was mentioned in this paper.