رابطه تراکم ادراک‌ شده، احساس امنیت و تعاملات اجتماعی، مقایسه دو گونه مسکن متراکم محصور و غیر‌محصور

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشجوی دکترای معماری- دانشگاه هنر اصفهان

چکیده

در بحث از بعد اجتماعی توسعه پایدار، تعاملات میان ساکنان و احساس امنیت از موضوعات مهم محسوب می‌شوند. بنابراین از یک سو در زمینه کشورهای در حال‌ توسعه، اثر محیط‌های مسکونی متراکم بر زندگی اجتماعی ساکنان همچنان نیازمند فهم و مطالعه بیشتری است و از سوی دیگر، بسته و محصور بودن، به عنوان یک عامل کالبدی، مؤثر بر شرایط اجتماعی در محیط‌های مسکونی شناخته می‌شود. از این‌ رو، هدف این پژوهش، بررسی رابطه میان تراکم ادراک‌ شده(بعد کمّی_کیفی تراکم)، احساس امنیت و تعاملات اجتماعی در قالب مدلی ساختاری و مقایسه سازوکار آنها در دو گونه مسکن محصور و غیرمحصور است. جامعه آماری، نمونه‌ای شامل590 نفر از ساکنان شش توسعه مسکونی، با تراکم‌ جمعیتی، تراکم‌ خالص مسکونی و پایگاه اجتماعی_اقتصادی مشابه ساکنان و شیوه طراحی متفاوت در شهر مشهد بودند. پس از کنترل پایایی ترکیبی عامل‌ها و روایی سازه، ابتدا با استفاده از آزمون تی، دو گونه مسکن به لحاظ متغیرهای احساس امنیت و تعاملات اجتماعی با یکدیگر مقایسه شدند. سپس روابط میان متغیرها از طریق مدل‌یابی معادلات ساختاریSEM مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. یافته‌های این پژوهش نشان می‌دهد، تفاوت معناداری میان دو گونه مسکن محصور و غیرمحصور به لحاظ تعاملات و احساس امنیت وجود دارد. براساس مدل‌های برازش‌ شده، در هر دو گروه مسکن، شرایط اجتماعی و امنیت در فضاهای باز مشترک، به تراکم ادارک‌ شده وابسته است. همچنین مقایسه مدل‌ها، حاکی از این مطلب است که نحوه اثر سازه‌های پژوهش در دو گونه مسکن محصور و غیرمحصور، متفاوت از یکدیگر بوده و فرآیندهای ادراکی_اجتماعی، به شکل متفاوتی عمل می‌کنند. در گونه محصور، ادراک تراکم، تعاملات اجتماعی و احساس امنیت در یک حلقه بازخورد، در طول زمان موجب ارتقا یا تضعیف یکدیگر می‌شوند. در حالی که در گونه مسکن غیر‌محصور احساس امنیت، پیش‌نیاز بروز تعاملات اجتماعی در فضاهای باز مشترک است و میان ادراک تراکم و تعاملات اجتماعی نقش واسطه‌ای دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between Perceived Density, Sense of Safety and Social Interactions in Gated and Non-gated Communities

نویسنده [English]

  • SEYYEDEH FATEMEH MOUSAVINIA
ARCHITECTURE, FERDOWSI UNIVERSITY

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