عنوان مقاله [English]
The dignity and importance of the urban development plans and their evaluation through various methods is still an outstanding challenging issue in the scientific and practical surroundings. Plan quality evaluation, is known as an emerging methodology for assessing whether they contain certain desirable features and aims to answer questions about the suitability of plans or applying methods and theories of planning, their strengths and weaknesses related to the ideal situation in different fields. During the past two decades, researchers have been able to formulate conceptual consensus based on the preliminary principles of plan quality.
The purpose of this study is to introduce concepts and methods for plan quality evaluation describes an appropriate systematic conceptual model for quality evaluation of urban development plans in Iran. The research methodology consists of a combination of analytical and explanatory research approaches. As the theoretical foundations, different methods and studies related to the subject, have been comprehensively investigated and analyzed, consequently, the suitable "model and method" for evaluating the quality of urban development plans in Iran is clearly explained and adjusted to the whole country.
A conceptual model for quality of comprehensive plans consists of 7 base-line components (Fact base, analysis and inference, plans and programs, implementation, inter-organizational coordination, presentation, planning methods) and 3 leading-edge components (participation, sustainable development, monitoring and evaluation). This study evaluates 29 plans from the mid-sized cities and 5 plans from large cities counterpart.
The results of this research show that the overall quality score of comprehensive plans in both group is moderate (average score is 4.95 out of 10). Among the 7 base-line components of plan quality, fact base, analysis and inference, organization and presentation have appropriate condition. The plans and programs, inter-organizational coordination, implementation and planning methods components are not appropriate. leading-edge components of sustainable development, despite the low score, are progressive, and the components of participation and monitoring and evaluation are not generally considered in the plans.
Among all evaluated plans, the plan of “Rasht” city and then plans of “Mahabad”, “Bojnourd”, “Amol”, “Sabzevar”, “Kerman” and “Birjand” are identified as the best plans and can be mentioned as progressive plans. In the study of the internal consistency of the components of plans, it is also found that the component of the "plan and program" is the most important and most influential component of plan quality, and can be considered as the main indicator of the comprehensive plans quality. There is also no significant difference between the plan quality of large and mid-sized cities. however, the quality of the plans has increased over the past two decades and the date of plan approval is influential on the quality of plans.