عنوان مقاله [English]
Objectives: The rivers, through their various roles and functions, have various values and qualities for humans and human habitats, and directly or indirectly, impact on the quality of life of human beings. Lifestyle changes in societies, unawareness of rivers dimensions, and one-dimensional attitude and development, have damaged these natural phenomena and made them unsustainable. This research attempts to remind the dimensions and importance of rivers and their active protection during development, the necessity of a comprehensive view of the river and how to use the river as the main driver of public space in the framework of urban design to transform them into sustainable space.
Findings: This Developmental-applied research has selected a Fusion Research approach and has utilized library-based studies and field studies to collect data. This research, by selecting a case study method, utilizes semi-structured observation and interviews in field studies of rivers in the cities of Ardebil, Isfahan, Ahwaz and Rasht. To analyze the data, quantitative statistical analysis (descriptive and inferential) were used along with qualitative analysis (tabulation, categorization, supply) and the validity of the results is verified based on the guaranteed assurance in qualitative cases, as well as the Krone-Bach Alpha in quantitative analysis.
This research establishes the roles and functions/values and qualities of the river in the form of constituent components and study disciplines of environmental/ecological, physical/spatial, functional, economic, social/cultural, perceptual, psychological, legal, etc. and shows the field of studying in various sciences.
Results: The results demonstrate that any river-related development should be conducted with a comprehensive view of the dimensions of the river, and the use of the river as a public space requires special conditions. Furthermore, paying attention to water and its impacts and its characteristics (the river-based approach), as the most important factor in the distinction of the river-based public places, should be considered in river-based planning by adopting approaches in the areas including activities and functions. The applications of this research include urban design, integration of river planning and management, river-based sustainable planning and sustainable regeneration of rivers.