عنوان مقاله [English]
There has been a segregation of the living space of different classes in cities in relation to their socio-economic base throughout history and in all geographical areas of the world. The urban ecology perspective distinguishes cities from the three aspects of "socio-economic base", "family base" and "ethnic-racial base" of households. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the role of socio-economic status of high-class classes on the high value of land in the middle part of Arak and its impact on the reconstruction of inner city neighborhoods. The nature of applied research is quantitative, and its method is descriptive and scientific. In order to investigate the causes of tendency to internal tissue and its effects on this tissue, different dimensions of questionnaire data analysis and in-depth interview were used using structural equation modeling using smart-Pls software. The findings showed that, contrary to Bergs' theory, the middle tissue around the core of the city of Arak is very attractive to the population. The high price of land in this texture is primarily due to the Prestige and originality of this texture (T value = 682/2). The easy access of this texture to the city center is another factor in the tendency to this texture and the increase in the price of land in this texture. The high value of the land in the study area has destroyed single-family housing units that are not yet very old and turned them into multi-storey apartments. The low cost of transportation was not confirmed in people's decision to choose these neighborhoods for living (T value = 1/306). Regeneratim of this tissue has changed The demographic situation of this context and the outflow of low-income classes (T value = 23/861). The output of the final matrix and the design of the interpretive structural model placed two variables of transport and social status in the dependent area, the housing price variable in the connecting area, and the variables of demographic change and user diversity in the independent area.
The Prestige middle texture of Arak, the high price of land in this texture has caused Contrary to Burgess' theory - which describes the texture around the city center as a texture with depressed neighborhoods sad and ruined appearance and the place of residence of immigrants and low-income urban classes, the central texture of Arak is an attractive area for many citizens. Careful planning seems necessary to take the necessary steps to reduce the negative effects of redevelopment in the intermediate tissues of arak.