عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
This research aims to explore the relationship between the length of residence and the place-identity formation in new urban development in the case of the District 22 of Tehran. Based on this, the main contribution and orientation of this article is toward the length of residence among the other important criteria or factors in the process of place-identity formation in new urban development. In the literature review, based on the theories, views, and researches identified and cited for the above purpose, the significant and positive correlation between the length of residence and the discussed process is emphasized. This indicates a gradual, step-by-step and continuous formation and development of the place-identity through stability, sequence and continuity of mutual connection and interaction between the resident and residency over time. In addition, at the empirical level, in reference to case studies including Dehkadeh-Olympic, Cheshmeh, Rah-Ahan, and Sadra towns, respectively with 18, 16, 11, and 9 years as the average length of residence, this relevance is confirmed by analyzing the data using the Spearman correlation coefficient. To this end, the status of place-identity was assessed by synthesis of the eight criteria in total and for each town separately. The relationship between the length of residence and the place-identity formation has a correlation coefficient of 0.84 for 638 samples, in total. Hence, identification as the identity and sense of place will be promoted and enhanced by increasing the length of residence, especially in new urban development. This finding shows that the length of residence is an essential factor in the process of place-identity formation in new urban development. The correlation coefficients in Dehkadeh-Olympic, Cheshmeh, Rah-Ahan, and Sadra towns are respectively 0.75 for 154 samples, 0.85 for 157 samples, 0.87 for 166 samples, and 0.77 for 161 samples that were considered. Thus, the correlation between the length of residence and the place-identity formation is stronger in Cheshmeh and Rah-Ahan compared to the other towns. Based on the analysis conducted, estimation of this relationship is possible by all three types of regression, linear with a coefficient of determination of 0.64, logarithmic with a coefficient of determination of 0.60, and power with a coefficient of determination of 0.62. However, the fitness of the linear regression model is better than the other two. The coefficients of determination in linear regression are 0.56, 0.64, 0.66 and 0.57 for Dehkadeh-Olympic, Cheshmeh, Rah-Ahan, and Sadra towns, respectively. Consequently, analysis of this type of relationship illustrates that there is a positive strong significant correlation, well explained by the linear regression model, between the length of residence and the place-identity formation in new urban development. Therefore, any insight and vision on the mechanism of identification as the formation of the sense and identity of place in new urban development must be founded and operationalized by simultaneous attention to this fundamental fact. Accordingly, focus can be placed on the evaluation of this process, planning, and action for accelerating and enhancing it based on all the key criteria and factors with their specific roles and effectiveness.
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