واکاوی ارتباط مدت زمان سکونت با شکلگیری هویت مکان در توسعه شهری جدید مطالعه موردی: منطقه 22 شهر تهران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشکده شهرسازی، پردیس هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقاله حاضر به واکاوی ارتباط مدت زمان سکونت با شکل گیری هویت مکان در توسعه شهری جدید، نمونه منطقه 22 تهران می پردازد. بر این اساس، تمرکز عمده بر مدت زمان سکونت در میان سایر معیارها یا عوامل مهم در فرآیند شکل گیری هویت مکان در توسعه شهری جدید، جهت گیری و سهم اصلی مقاله را به خود اختصاص می دهد. در سطح نظری و به واسطه دیدگاه ها و نیز پژوهش های شناسایی شده و مورد استناد در چارچوب هدف یادشده، ارتباط قابل توجه و در عین حال معنادار و مثبت مدت زمان سکونت با فرآیند فوق مبنی بر شکل گیری و توسعه تدریجی و مستمر هویت مکان در سایه پیوستگی، توالی و آن طور که عموماً یاد می شود، تداوم ارتباط متقابل (تعامل) ساکن و محل سکونت در گذر زمان، مورد تأکید قرار می گیرد. این در حالی است که در سطح تجربی نیز در ارتباط با مطالعه موردی شامل شهرک های دهکده المپیک، چشمه، راه آهن و صدرا، ارتباط معنادار و مثبت یادشده به واسطه بررسی و تحلیل داده ها با استفاده از ضریب همبستگی اسپیرمن تأیید می شود. این مدت زمان سکونت، احراز و تشخیص هویت مکان از نقطه نظر ساکنانی که در یک توسعه شهری جدید سکونت خود را اختیار کرده اند، ارتقا می یابد. این یافته، گویای این است که مدت زمان سکونت عاملی کلیدی در فرآیند شکل گیری هویت مکان در توسعه شهری جدید است. ضریب این همبستگی در شهرک های دهکده المپیک، چشمه، راه آهن و صدرا به ترتیب 0.57 به ازای 451 نمونه، 0.58 به ازای 751 نمونه، 0.78 به ازای 661 نمونه و0.77  به ازای 161 نمونه مورد توجه است. این چنین، شهرک های چشمه و راه آهن گویای همبستگی قویتری در این زمینه نسبت به دو شهرک دیگر هستند. تخمین این ارتباط و ترسیم آن در قالب هر سه نوع رابطه خطی، توانی و لگاریتمی امکان پذیر بوده، اما مدل مبتنی بر رگرسیون خطی، از برازندگی بهتری نسبت به دو حالت دیگر برخوردار است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Exploring the Relationship between Length of Residence and Place-Identity Formation in New Urban Development (Case Study: District 22 of Tehran)

نویسندگان [English]

  • P A
  • M A
  • E Z
چکیده [English]

This research aims to explore the relationship between the length of residence and the place-identity formation in new urban development in the case of the District 22 of Tehran. Based on this, the main contribution and orientation of this article is toward the length of residence among the other important criteria or factors in the process of place-identity formation in new urban development. In the literature review, based on the theories, views, and researches identified and cited for the above purpose, the significant and positive correlation between the length of residence and the discussed process is emphasized. This indicates a gradual, step-by-step and continuous formation and development of the place-identity through stability, sequence and continuity of mutual connection and interaction between the resident and residency over time. In addition,  at the empirical level, in reference to case studies including Dehkadeh-Olympic, Cheshmeh, Rah-Ahan, and Sadra towns, respectively with 18, 16, 11, and 9 years as the average length of residence, this relevance is confirmed by analyzing the data using the Spearman correlation coefficient. To this end, the status of place-identity was assessed by synthesis of the eight criteria in total and for each town separately. The relationship between the length of residence and the place-identity formation has a correlation coefficient of 0.84 for 638 samples, in total. Hence, identification as the identity and sense of place will be promoted and enhanced by increasing the length of residence, especially in new urban development. This finding shows that the length of residence is an essential factor in the process of place-identity formation in new urban development. The correlation coefficients in Dehkadeh-Olympic, Cheshmeh, Rah-Ahan, and Sadra towns are respectively 0.75 for 154 samples, 0.85 for 157 samples, 0.87 for 166 samples, and 0.77 for 161 samples that were considered. Thus, the correlation between the length of residence and the place-identity formation is stronger in Cheshmeh and Rah-Ahan compared to the other towns. Based on the analysis conducted, estimation of this relationship is possible by all three types of regression, linear with a coefficient of determination of 0.64, logarithmic with a coefficient of determination of 0.60, and power with a coefficient of determination of 0.62. However, the fitness of the linear regression model is better than the other two. The coefficients of determination in linear regression are 0.56, 0.64, 0.66 and 0.57 for Dehkadeh-Olympic, Cheshmeh, Rah-Ahan, and Sadra towns, respectively. Consequently, analysis of this type of relationship illustrates that there is a positive strong significant correlation, well explained by the linear regression model, between the length of residence and the place-identity formation in new urban development.  Therefore, any insight and vision on the mechanism of identification as the formation of the sense and identity of place in new urban development must be founded and operationalized by simultaneous attention to this fundamental fact. Accordingly, focus can be placed on the evaluation of this process, planning, and action for accelerating and enhancing it based on all the key criteria and factors with their specific roles and effectiveness.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Place-Identity Formation
  • New Urban Development
  • Length of Residence
  • Significant and Positive Relationship
  • Linear regression

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