Abu-Ghazzeh, Tawfiq M. 1999. “Housing Layout, Social Interaction, and the Place of Contact in Abu-Nuseir, Jordan.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 19: 41-73.
Alexander, Christopher. 2007. The Timeless Way of Building. Translated by Mehrdad Qayyoomi Bidhendi. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University.
Aminzadeh, Behnaz. 2010. “Evaluation of Aesthetics and Place Identity.” Journal of HOVIAT-E-SHAHR 4(7): 3-14.
Arbab, Parsa. 2009. “Recognition of the Identity Formation Process in New Towns: Strategies to Improve the Identification.” M.Sc. Thesis of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Tehran.
Arbab, Parsa. 2012. “Study of the Identification and Sense of Place in New Environments.” Paper presented at the 2nd National Conference of Sustainable Development and Urban Construction, Isfahan, December 6.
Azizi, Mohammad Mehdi, and Parsa Arbab. 2008. “The Challenge of Identity in New Towns.” Journal of HAFT-SHAHR 25, 26: 148-157.
Azizi, Mohammad Mehdi, and Parsa Arbab. 2010. “Recognition and Evaluation of Identity Formation Process in New Towns.” Journal of Fine Arts (HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA): Architecture and Urban Planning 42: 47-58.
Azizi, Mohammad Mehdi, and Parsa Arbab. 2012. “Study of the Identification and Sense of Place in New Environments.” Paper presented at the International Conference on Architecture and Design (INTERCAD), Vienna, October 17.
Behzadfar, Mostafa, and Ali Barin. 2008. “Organizing the Identity of Hashtgerd New Town.” Journal of SAKHT-E-SHAHR 10, 11: 11-24.
Brown, Gregory, and Christopher Raymond. 2007. “The Relationship between Place Attachment and Landscape Values: Toward Mapping Place Attachment.” Applied Geography 27: 89–111.
Budruk, Megha, and Sonja A. Wilhelm Stanis. 2013. “Place Attachment and Recreation Experience Preference: A Further Exploration of the Relationship.” Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism 1–2: 51–61.
Castello, Lineu. 2010. Rethinking the Meaning of Place: Conceiving Place in Architecture-Urbanism. Translated by Nick Rands. Farnham: Ashgate.
Comstock, Nicole, L. Miriam Dickinson, Julie A. Marshall, Mah-J. Soobader, Mark S. Turbin, Michael Buchenau, and Jill S. Litt. 2010. “Neighborhood Attachment and its Correlates: Exploring Neighborhood Conditions, Collective Efficacy, and Gardening.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 30: 435-442.
Creswell, John W. 2009. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. London: Sage.
Creswell, John W. 2012. Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. Boston: Pearson Education.
Daneshpour, S. Abdolhadi. 2000. “Rethinking the Sense of Identity in the Urban Public Spaces.” Ph.D. Thesis of Urban Planning, University of Tehran.
Daneshpour, S. Abdolhadi, Mansour Sepehri Moqaddam, and Maryam Charkhchian. 2011. “Explanation to Place Attachment and Investigation of its Effective Factors.” Journal of Fine Arts (HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA): Architecture and Urban Planning 38: 37-48.
Droseltis, Orestis, and Vivian L. Vignoles. 2010. “Towards an Integrative Model of Place Identification: Dimensionality and Predictors of Intrapersonal-Level Place Preferences.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 30: 23-34.
Falahat, Mohammad Sadegh. 2005. “The Role of the Physical Design in the Sense of Place of the Mosque.” Journal of Fine Arts (HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA) 22: 35-42.
Falahat, Mohammad Sadegh. 2006. “The Concept of Sense of Place and its Constituent Elements.” Journal of Fine Arts (HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA) 26: 57-66.
Google Earth 7.1. 2004, 2008 and 2013. District 22 of Tehran. 35°44’05.86”N, 51°12’35.95”E, elevation 4236 ft. <http://www.google.com/earth> (Accessed October 2013).
Gustafson, Per. 2001. “Meanings of Place: Everyday Experience and Theoretical Conceptualizations.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 21, 5-16.
Habibi, S. Mohsen. 2005a. “Memoryless City as a Identityless City.” Journal of New Towns (SHAHR-HA-YE-JADID) 1-4: 13-18.
Habibi, S. Mohsen. 2005b. “New Towns: a Threshold for Originating the Collective Memory of the City.” Paper presented at the International Conference on New Towns, Tehran, May 2-6.
Habibi, Rana Sadat. 2008. “Images and the Meaning of Place.” Journal of Fine Arts (HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA) 35: 39-50.
Hull, R. Bruce, Mark Lam, and Gabriela Vigo. 1994. “Place Identity: Symbols of Self in the Urban Fabric.” Landscape and Urban Planning 28: 109-120.
Kalali, Parisa, and Atusa Modiri. 2013. “Explanation of the Role of Meaning Component in the Process of Creating the Sense of Place.” Journal of Fine Arts (HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA): Architecture and Urban Planning 17(2): 43-51.
Knez, Igor. 2005. “Attachment and Identity as Related to a Place and Its Perceived Climate.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 25: 207-218.
Kyle, Gerard T., Andrew J. Mowen, and Michael Tarrant. 2004 “Linking Place Preferences with Place Meaning: An Examination of the Relationship between Place Motivation and Place Attachment.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 24: 439–454.
Lalli, Marco. 1992. “Urban-Related Identity: Theory, Measurement, and Empirical Findings.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 12: 285-303.
Lengen, Charis, and Thomas Kistemann. 2012. “Sense of Place and Place Identity: Review of Neuroscientific Evidence.” Health & Place 18(5): 1162–1171.
Lewicka, Maria. 2010. “What Makes Neighborhood Different from Home and City? Effects of Place Scale on Place Attachment.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 30: 35–51.
Lobo, Caroline. 2004. “The Role of Environmental Perceptions in Sense of Place.” Ph.D. Thesis of Environmental Design and Planning, Arizona State University.
Lynch, Kevin. 2002. A Theory of City Form. Translated by S. Hossein Bahrainy. Tehran: University of Tehran.
Manzo, Lynne C. 2005. “For Better or Worse: Exploring Multiple Dimensions of Place Meaning.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 25: 67–86.
Miller, Delbert C., and Neil J. Salkind. 2002. Handbook of Research Design and Social Measurement. London: Sage.
Mirmoghtadaei, Mahta. 2004. “The Criteria for Recognition and Evaluation of Physical Identity of the Cities.” Journal of Fine Arts (HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA) 19: 17-26.
Mirmoghtadaei, Mahta. 2009. “The Criteria for Evaluation of Formation, Remembering and Recording of Collective Memory.” Journal of Fine Arts (HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA) 37: 5-16.
Modiri, Atusa. 2008. “Place.” Journal of HOVIAT-E-SHAHR 2(2): 69-79.
Momeni, Mansour. 2009. Statistical Analysis with SPSS. Tehran: Ketab-e-No.
National Cartographic Center of Iran. 1987. Air Photo of the West of Tehran. 18 28-30 and 19 32-34. 1:10000. Tehran: National Cartographic Center of Iran.
Proshansky, Harold M. 1978. “The City and Self-Identity.” Environment and Behavior 10(2): 147-169.
Proshansky, Harold M., Abbe K. Fabian, and Robert Kaminoff. 1983. “Place-Identity: Physical World Socialization of the Self.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 3: 57-83.
Qian, Junxi, Hong Zhu, and Yi Liu. 2011. “Investigating urban migrants’ sense of place through a multi-scalar perspective.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 31: 170-183.
Rapoport, Amos. 2005. The Meaning of the Built Environment: A Nonverbal Communication Approach. Translated by Farah Habib. Tehran: Urban Processing and Planning Company.
Raymond, Christopher M., Gregory Brown, and Delene Weber. 2010. “The Measurement of Place Attachment: Personal, Community, and Environmental Connections.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 30: 422-434.
Relph, E. 2010. Place and Placelessness. Translated by Mohammadreza Noghsanmohammadi, Kazem Mandegari, and Zahir Motaki. Tehran: Armanshahr.
Rollero, Chiara, and Norma De Piccoli. 2010. “Place attachment, Identification and Environment Perception: An Empirical Study.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 30: 198-205.
Seamon, David, and Jacob Spwers. 2008. “Place and Placelessness (1976): Edward Relph.” In Key Texts in Human Geography, Edited by Phil Hubbard, Rob Kitchin, and Gill Valentine, 43-51. London: Sage.
Shamsuddin, Shuhana, and Norsidah Ujang. 2008. “Making Places: The Role of Attachment in Creating the Sense of Place for Traditional Streets in Malaysia.” Habitat International 32: 399–409.
Sharestan Consultant. 2003. District 22 of Tehran: Introduction and Urban Development Issues. Tehran: Tehran Municipality.
Smaldone, David, Charles Harris, and Nick Sanyal. 2005. “An Exploration of Place as a Process: The Case of Jackson Hole, WY.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 25:397-414.
Smith, Jordan W., Mae A. Davenport, Dorothy H. Anderson, and Jessica E. Leahy. 2011. “Place meanings and desired management outcomes.” Landscape and Urban Planning 101: 359–370.
Soini, Katriina, Hanne Vaarala, and Eija Pouta. 2012 “Residents’ Sense of Place and Landscape Perceptions at the Rural–Urban Interface.” Landscape and Urban Planning 104: 124-134.
Sprent, Peter, and Nigel C. Smeeton. 2007. Applied Nonparametric Statistical Methods. Translated by H. A. Niroumand. Mashhad: Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.
Statistical Center of Iran. 2013. General Population and Housing Census of 2011: Results of District 22 of Tehran. Tehran: Statistical Center of Iran.
Tehran Municipality. 2012. Statistics of Tehran in 2011. Tehran: Information and Communication Technologies Organization of Tehran Municipality.
Tehran Municipality. 2013. “The Portal of the Neighborhoods of Tehran.” <http://www.mytehran.ir> (Accessed December 2013).
Tweed, Christopher, and Margaret Sutherland. 2007. “Built Cultural Heritage and Sustainable Urban Development.” Landscape and Urban Planning 83: 62–69.
Twigger-Ross, Clare L., and David L. Uzzell. 1996. “Place and Identity Process.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 16: 205-220.
Ujang, Norsidah. 2012. “Place Attachment and Continuity of Urban Place Identity.” Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences 49: 156-167.
Wells, Jeremy C. 2009. “Attachment to the Physical Age of Urban Residential Neighborhoods: A Comparative Case Study of Historic Charleston and I’On.” Ph.D. Thesis of Environmental Design and Planning, Clemson University.
Yin, Robert K. 2003. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. London: Sage.
Yin, Robert K. 2012. Applications of Case Study Research. London: Sage.
Zebardast, Esfandiar. 2002. “The Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process in Urban and Regional Planning.” Journal of Fine Arts (HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA) 10: 13-21.