تحلیل تطبیقی ساختار برنامه ریزی و مدیریت مناطق شهری مطالعه موردی: تهران،سیدنی،تورنتو

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مدرس گروه شهرسازی، دانشکده هنر و معماری، واحد تهران جنوب،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 گروه شهرسازی، دانشکده شهرسازی ومعماری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قزوین،ایران

چکیده

علی رغم گذشت بیش از دو دهه از تصویب مصوبه ی مجموعه های شهری و تهیه ی طرح ها و پژوهش های متعدد دانشگاهی، نهادهای مسئول برنامه ریزی کلان کشور از دستیابی به یک الگوی برنامه ریزی و مدیریتی مطلوب برای مجموعه های شهری ناکام مانده اند. مهمترین علل این ناکامی را می توان عدم توجه پژوهش ها به واقعیت های فضایی، سازمانی وساختار تصمیم گیری در ایران، فقدان بررسی های موشکافانه ی سازوکارهای اجرایی و کم توجهی به لزوم انطباق رویکردهای برنامه ریزی با ساختار اداری-برنامه ریزی کشور دانست. هدف این پژوهش شناسایی تحولات ساختاری و محتوایی لازم برای بهبود عملکرد مدیریتی، در سطح مجموعه های شهری است. لذا در تلاش است در یک بررسی تطبیقیِ عمومیت گرا با اتخاذ روش اسنادی در یک فرآیند سه مرحله ای، با مراجعه به اسناد، کتب و مقالات مرتبط با پژوهش پس از بررسی تجربیات برنامه ریزی و مدیریتی دو منطقه ی کلان شهری سیدنی و تورنتو ضمن لحاظ نمودن واقعیت ها و تفاوت های ساختار تصمیم گیری - اداری نمونه های مطالعاتی با ایران، با درک اقدامات و نهادهای کلیدی موثر در کارآیی نظام مدیریت کلان شهری، پیشنهاداتی در راستای بهبود مدیریت و برنامه ریزی مجموعه های شهری ارائه نماید. نتایج این پژوهش دو دسته مشکلات عام)مربوط به سطح کلان برنامه ریزی( و مشکلات سطح منطقه ای)در سطح مجموعه های شهری( را نمایان می سازد لذا دو دسته پیشنهادات 1-ساختاری- مدیریتی در راستای بهبود ساختار اداری و نظام تصمیم گیری و 2-برنامه ریزی-مدیریتی در راستای ارتقای کیفی محتوای طرح ها و برنامه های مجموعه شهری ارائه گردید. لزوم ایجاد نهاد مسئول منطقه ای در سطح مجموعه های شهری و برنامه ریزی چرخشی بجای برنامه ریزی سلسله مراتبی رئوس اصلی پیشنهادات هر بخش را تشکیل می دهند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

A comparative study of Iran’s Planning Structure and Management of Urban Collections with Metropolitan regions such as Sydney and Toronto

نویسندگان [English]

  • M H 1
  • N S 2
چکیده [English]

Two decades after the Urban Collection Bill being passed in Iran, there are still some profound doubts both in theory and in administrative-organizational dimension. Many studies have been conducted in this field and even a great deal of experience in urban planning has as yet to make authorities achieve an optimum and accepted model for managing and planning urban collections. The major reason is lack of attention to spatial and organizational realities and the structure of decision-making in Iran, lack of close scrutiny of administrative mechanisms and ignoring the necessity of planning approaches adapted to the administrative and planning structure of the country. The research in this adaptive investigation aims to make recommendations for some approaches to improve the management and planning of urban collections. This was carried out in three stages by referring to documents, books and articles related to this subject and studying the planning and management experiences in the two cities of Sydney and Toronto. As such, the facts and differences in Iran’s structure of decision-making and administration were considered. Selecting suitable and adaptable case studies is the key to success in comparative research. Thus, samples were selected based on the two criteria of (1) the macro-structure of planning in countries being studied (level of regionalism) and (2) the success of the selected metropolitan regions in planning and managing the growth. The research results lead to two types of general (pertaining to the macro level of planning) and regional (pertaining to urban collections) problems. Two groups of approaches are then suggested: (1) structural-management: to improve the administrative structure and the system of macro-decision-making; and (2) planning-management: to qualitatively improve the content of plans and programs of urban collections. The major approaches are to create an organization regionally responsible for urban collections to appropriate the duty of decision-making to regional bodies rather than regional branches of ministries, and to create a think tank that includes representatives of the institute managing regions to make major decisions. In the area of administration and programming problems, the suggested approaches include planning for land use, transportation and housing, emphasizing the principle of competitiveness and simultaneous synergy in the region (stress being on a strong relation between peripheral cities), and taking a cyclic approach rather than hierarchical planning for outlines.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Urban Collection
  • urban region
  • Sydney
  • Toronto
  • Regional Planning

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