عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, the distribution method of urban services is one of the major requirements of urban life. However, using traditional methods of land supply for urban services in Iran (such as compulsory acquisition, dispersed incentive policies, etc.) has led to the destruction of agricultural land, gardens and other valuable land. It has also led to non-optimal use of land with the capacity for development. This has not left a choice to urban managers and planners other than turning to new approaches, including transfer of development rights which is based on respecting ownership rights.
The transfer of development rights (TDR) is a voluntary and market-based land use management mechanism. In this approach, land development is introduced to more suitable areas to protect the land with higher agricultural value, the environmentally sensitive areas and open spaces. The concept of TDR is to establish an exchangeable market of transferable development rights.
In this applied research, quantitative techniques were studied in the city of Shiraz using theoretical background concepts. It was attempted to answer these questions: “What are the conditions required for using the TDR approach in Shiraz metropolis? Which metropolitan area is suitable for the implementation of this approach?” Analytic hierarchy process (AHP), expert questionnaires and Arc GIS software were used to answer these questions.
Based on the TDR method, the case study regions were divided into regions transferring and receiving development rights. In this context, each of the regions has an indicator. The results showed that in the receiving regions the participation rate of citizens ranked first with a weight of 0.271. The desire to increase density and having the passage network ranked second and third, respectively. In the transferring regions, parameters of monuments and historic buildings ranked first with a score of 0.273. Citizen participation was the second and gardens was the third priority. Based on the results, District 5 of Area 1, District 7 of Area 4 and Districts 2, 3 and 4 of Area 8 have a very high potential to get developed. Also, District 1 of Area 1, Districts 1 and 6 of Area 2 and District 2 of Areas 6 and 8 have a very high potential to transfer development rights.
The results indicate that this approach needs to be implemented in Shiraz metropolis as it enjoys lands which are valuable for their historical, natural and ecological properties, such as Ghasredasht gardens and the central historical texture of the city. The main requirements for the implementation of this model are high level of people's participation, firm legal guarantees, the presence of a coherent administrative structure, and respect for private property and public interests.
The present research has been conducted academically based on the available information and resources. The participation of organizations and executive authorities is required to apply the results. In fact, this research has investigated the necessity of implementing the TDR model with an emphasis on Shiraz metropolis. It has identified priorities related to executive issues and urban management for each district of Shiraz.