تحلیلی فقهی بر نامطلوب بودن توسعه عمودی بناهای مسکونی در شهر اسلامی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار معماری دانشگاه قم

چکیده

این پژوهش به دنبال ژرفکاوی الگوی توسعه عمودی در ابنیه مسکونی از منظر فقه شیعی است و مسئله ای که محور این پژوهش را تشکیل می دهد عبارت است از «مطلوبیت یا عدم مطلوبیتِ فقهیِ توسعه عمودی در ابنیه مسکونی و تبیین علل آن». برای ژرفکاوی این مسئله از روشی ترکیبی در این پژوهش استفاده شده است؛ به نحوی که در مقام گردآوری داده ها از روش اسنادی استفاده شده است اما در مقام تحلیل داده ها از روش های تحلیل محتوای کیفی و استدلال منطقی بهره گیری شده است. بر اساس یافته های پژوهش، توسعه عمودی در ابنیه مسکونی به دلایل متعدد فقهی، مطلوبیت ندارد که این دلایل را می توان به دو دسته ادلّه صریح و ادلّه غیر صریح تقسیم نمود. از مهمترین دلایل دسته اول می توان مواردی همچون موضوع اِشراف و ایجاد مزاحمت ساختمان های بلند در تهویه ابنیه مسکونی مجاور را برشمرد که به صراحت در متون فقهی مورد نهی قرار گرفته است و قبل از این پژوهش، در سایر پژوهش های مشابه نیز کمابیش مورد بحث قرار گرفته است؛ اما نوآوری این پژوهش در تبیین دسته دوم (ادلّه غیر صریح) است که در این خصوص می توان به مواردی همچون تقابل با انجام برخی تکالیف شهروندی و اجتماعی، تقابل با برخی از سنن معصومین (ع) نظیر سنت استهلال و تقابل ضمنی با برخی از آیات و ادعیه اشاره نمود که همانطور که اشاره شد، تحلیل و استنتاج یافته ها از این نوع ادلّه از ابداعات این پژوهش است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

A jurisprudential analysis on non-desirability of vertical development of residential buildings in Islamic city

نویسنده [English]

  • mohamadmannan raeesi
University of Qom

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • residential buildings
  • vertical development
  • Shiite jurisprudence
  • Islamic teachings

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