شناسایی اثرات گردشگری و نقش آن در توسعه شهری کاشان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی گروه جغرافیا و اکوتوریسم

2 دکترای جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.

چکیده

صنعت گردشگری به عنوان یکی از صنایع برتر در حال توسعه، امروزه جایگاه خاصی در اقتصاد کشورها داشته و با اثرات خود نقش فعال و مؤثری بر بهبود ساختار اقتصادی، اجتماعی_فرهنگی و محیطی جوامع ایفا می­کند. با توجه به اهمیت فزاینده گردشگری، تحلیل آثار آن بر سایر ابعاد ضرورتی ویژه خواهد داشت. شهر کاشان با برخورداری از توان­ها و فرصت­های ویژه گردشگری، در ابعاد متفاوت اقتصادی، اجتماعی، زیست­محیطی و کالبدی از این پدیده متأثر شده است. در این راستا هدف از انجام پژوهش حاضر، شناسایی آثار گردشگری و نقش آن در توسعه شهری کاشان است. پژوهش به لحاظ هدف، کاربردی و از نظر ماهیت و روش از نوع تحقیقات توصیفی_تحلیلی است. حجم نمونه با استفاده از فرمول کوکران به تعداد 200 نفر محاسبه گردید. ابزار پژوهش، پرسشنامه محقق ساخته­ای با 65 متغیر است که روایی آن با استفاده از نظر متخصصان و پایایی آن با استفاده از آزمون آلفای کرونباخ به میزان 738/0 مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. برای تجزیه‌ و تحلیل نتایج پرسشنامه از روش­های مختلف آماری و نرم‌افزارهایSPSS  و AMOS استفاده ‌شده است. نتایج حاصل از کاربرد مدل­سازی معادلات ساختاری نشان می­دهد، توسعه گردشگری اثر معناداری بر توسعه شهری در کاشان داشته است. این اثرگذاری دارای بار عاملی 29/0 و سطح معناداری 000/0 بوده که با استناد به آن می­توان گفت در سطح اطمینان 99 درصد گردشگری بر توسعه شهری کاشان اثرگذار بوده است. در شاخص­های تبیین کننده توسعه شهری رشد خدمات فرهنگی (کتابخانه، مساجد و ...) با بار عاملی 67/0 بیش از سایر ابعاد از توسعه گردشگری اثر پذیرفته است. بار عاملی 66/0 برای توسعه تسهیلات و خدمات زیربنایی و عمرانی (شبکه آب و فاضلاب، مخابرات و ...) این شاخص را در جایگاه دوم قرار داده است. همچنین معناداری اثر گردشگری بر بهبود معیشت ساکنان با بار عاملی 65/0 و سطح معناداری 000/0 مورد تأیید قرار می­گیرد. کسب بار عاملی 52/0 برای افزایش خدمات عمومی (خدمات بهداشتی، جمع­آوری زباله و...) متأثر از توسعه گردشگری این شاخص را در رتبه چهارم اثرپذیری از گردشگری در مجموعه متغیرهای تبیین کننده توسعه شهری قرار می­دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification of tourism impacts and its role in urban development of Kashan

نویسنده [English]

  • M B 2

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • tourism development
  • urban development
  • modeling
  • Structural Equations

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