ارزیابی وضعیت مسکن سالم در شهر ها: نمونه موردی شهر اردبیل

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه گیلان

چکیده

شهر اردبیل در دو دهه اخیر ( به ویژه شکل­گیری استان اردبیل) رشد قابل توجهی را تجربه کرده است. هرچند که تبدیل شدن شهر اردبیل به مرکز استان (بنا بر آمار و ارقام موجود) در گسترش کمیت مسکن شهری نقش بسزایی داشته، اما وضعیت ویژگی­های کیفی مسکن این شهر از جمله شاخص­های بهداشتی_رفاهی چندان مشخص نیست و نمی­توان در ارتباط با وضعیت سلامتی مسکن آن بدون انجام بررسی­های علمی اظهارنظر کرد. از این رو در این پژوهش با درک این مهم، وضعیت مسکن شهر اردبیل از نظر شاخص­های مسکن سالم شهری بررسی شده است. بر این اساس پژوهش حاضر با استفاده از روش توصیفی_تحلیلی و جمع­آوری اطلاعات به صورت اسنادی و پیمایشی، سطح برخورداری مناطق شهری شهر اردبیل از لحاظ برخورداری از شاخص­های مسکن سالم را بررسی کرده است. برای آزمون فرضیه­های تحقیق نیز از آمار توصیفی، آزمون t، آزمون آماری F و آزمون دانکن و ضریب همبستگی اسپیرمن استفاده شده است. نتایج نشان می­دهد که شهر اردبیل از لحاظ برخورداری از شاخص­های مسکن سالم در وضعیت نسبتاً مطلوبی قرار دارد اما بین مناطق مختلف شهر اردبیل از لحاظ این شاخص­ها اختلاف بارزی وجود دارد. همچنین یافته­های تحقیق دلالت بر این دارد که بین ویژگی­های اجتماعی_اقتصادی ساکنان و سالم بودن مسکن همبستگی مستقیم و مثبت و بین قدمت واحد مسکونی و سالم بودن مسکن رابطه معکوس و منفی وجود دارد. از موارد کاربردی این پژوهش می­توان به معرفی و شناسایی شاخص­های مسکن سالم برای استفاده در پژوهش­های بعدی و برجسته کردن مشکلات موجود از لحاظ شاخص­های مسکن سالم در محدوده مورد مطالعه و ارائه پیشنهادهایی برای رفع این مشکلات اشاره کرد؛ به طوری که مسئولان مدیریت شهری اردبیل با استفاده از نتایج این تحقیق می­توانند اقدام­های هدف­دار و مؤثری به منظور بهبود وضعیت مسکن سالم شهری اردبیل انجام دهند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Healthy House in the Cities: (Case Study of Ardabil City)

نویسندگان [English]

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