Dehkhoda, Ali Akbar, Seyed Jafar Shahidi, & Mohammed Moein. (1985). Dehkhoda dictionary. Vol. 0: University of Tehran, Dehkhoda Diction ary. [in Persian]
Deputy of Urban Planning and Architecture of Tehran Municipality. (2006). Detailed design of district 12 of Tehran city: Deputy of Urban Planning and Architecture of Tehran Municipality. [in Persian]
Esmaeeli, Farzad, Mohammad Chegini, & Alireza MoradiSaleh. (2017). "Prioritization of Passive Defense Measures to Reduce the Vulnerability of Cities."Palma Journal 16 (3):75-89
FEMA-426. (2011). Buildings and Infrastructure Protection Series Reference Manual to Mitigate Potential Terrorist Attacks Against Buildings.
FEMA-453. (2006). Risk Management Series Design Guidance for Shelters and Safe Rooms.
FEMA-455. (2009). Risk Management Series Handbook for Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings to Evaluate Terrorism Risks.
FEMA-459. (2008). Risk Management Series Incremental Protection for Existing Commercial Buildings from Terrorist Attack Providing Protection to People and Buildings.
Hashemi-Fesharaki, Seyed Javad, Amir Mahmoudzadeh, & Hadi Shahir.(2011). "Understanding subway vulnerability to man-made threats." The first Conference on Urban Development and Architecture with Passive Defense Approach. [in Persian]
Hossein Ali Beigi, Gholamreza. (2009). Design principles of safe buildings. Vol. 0: Fadak Isatis. [in Persian]
Hosseini, Seyed Behshid , & Mohsen Kameli. (2016). "Passive Defense Criteria in Designing of Public Urban Buildings." Armanshahr Architecture & Urban Development 8 (15):27-39. [in Persian]
Jalali Farahani, Gholamreza, Fathollah Shamsayi Zafarghandi, Mostafa Ghazanfari, & Ali Ghanbari Nasab. (2014). "Man-made threats determination and ranking for the main parts of the subway stations." Journal of Emergency Management 2 (2):65-75. [in Persian]
Kameli, Mohsen, Sana Zarei, Mitra Kalantari, & Elham Soleiman Nejad. (2014). "Criteria of Passive Defense in Subway Stations."
Mahmoudi, Dr. Mohammad Mehdi. (2004). "The necessity of urban space design around subway entrances in Tehran." Honar-Ha-Ye-Ziba 19 (19.-. [in Persian]
Municipality of Tehran. (2006). Comprehensive atlas of Tehran: Municipality of Tehran. [in Persian]
Niknam, Manoochehr, & Mohammad Kayedpour. (2015). "Designing a creative city with using Passive Defense."Science Arena Publications Specialty Journal of Architecture and Construction 1:27-32.
Pakzad, Jahanshah. (2011). Urban Space Design Guide. Vol. 0: Shahidi, Ministry of Housing and Urban Planning, Deputy of Urban Planning and Architecture. [in Persian]
Pour Ahmad, Ahmad, Hossein Hatami Nejad, Mehdi Modiri, & Ashraf Azizadeh Irani. (2017). "An analysis of the conflict between "Passive Defense Requirements" and "Principles of Sustainable Urban Development" in the improvement of urban historical fabrics Case study: Urban historical fabric of Tehran’s District 12." Scientific - Research Quarterly of Geographical Data (SEPEHR) 26 (102):35-52. [in Persian]
Sadeghi, Farzad, & Ameneh Haghzad.( 2015). "Application of passive defense principles and approaches in urban planning with emphasizing land use (Case Study Ramsar)."Research journal of fisheries and hydrobiology.
Topic 21 National Building Regulations. (2015). "A review of 21 National Building Rules (passive defense) and related worksheets." Daneshnama Twenty-fourth year (242-244). [in Persian]
http://www.metro.isfahan.ir(accessed: 2018.07.06). [in Persian]
http://www.metro.mashhad.ir(accessed: 2018.07.09). [in Persian]
http://www.tabrizmetro.ir (accessed: 2018.07.02). [in Persian]