ISSN: 2717-4417

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Urbanism, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran.

2 Department of Social Work, Faculty of Humanities, Khomeini Shahr Branch, Islamic Azad University- Isfahan, Iran.


Urban regeneration stands at the intersection of diverse urban policies, representing a pivotal strategic choice in advancing global urban development.
Non-physical elements, embodied in the form of social capital, can serve as both a tool and a catalyst for a renovation that is not only more desirable but also widely accepted within the context of residents.
The influential factors contributing to the development of local community culture, encompassing semantic, physical, functional, and social dimensions, play a pivotal role in empowering residents, fostering trust, strengthening their sense of belonging, and ultimately ensuring the feasibility of urban regeneration in the central core of Shahrekord.
Urban regeneration, situated at the intersection of urban policies, represents a crucial strategic avenue for advancing global urban development. Analysis of the evolving trends in urban regeneration experiences underscores that success within urban areas hinges not solely on physical enhancements but also on social dimensions where residents actively participate in the regeneration process. This research aims to establish criteria for the feasibility of urban regeneration, with a specific focus on fostering the development of local community culture.
The findings of the research, particularly in the context of Shahrekord, highlight that the cultivation of local community culture in the central core translates into enhanced control over the living environment and its content. Consequently, this socio-economic transformation contributes to an improved Quality of Life (QoL). The four pivotal criteria—structure (encompassing both natural and artificial dimensions), meaning (in terms of identity, authenticity, and motivational role), activity (spanning economic, social, and cultural aspects), and social factors (such as cultural needs, trust, and hope)—emerge as influential elements shaping the development of local community culture in the context of urban regeneration.
Thus, a comprehensive approach is imperative, taking into account all cultural, economic, functional, and spatial components of the plan, as cultural elements and their indicators manifest across all the aforementioned dimensions.
Theoretical Framework:
Contrary to traditional approaches that focus solely on physical perspectives, this research recognizes the significance of metaphysical components—social assets, tools, and motivators—in achieving a more desirable and acceptable urban revitalization. The study challenges the one-dimensional (physical) approach prevalent in many Iranian urban regeneration efforts, emphasizing the need to involve residents in decision-making processes. In Shahrekord, the lack of coordination among organizations, neglect of residents' opinions, and indifference toward human structures have led to a spectrum of problems in the central core. The study aims to introduce and examine feasibility criteria for urban regeneration by investigating components influencing the development of local community culture, thereby leveraging the institutional capacity of the local culture sector for socio-political and socio-economic growth.
Ethnography, a qualitative approach delving into the social processes and mental nature of human life, serves as the research method for field studies. The study area, the central core of Shahrekord city, is characterized by shared behavioral, cognitive, and speech paradigms among local residents. Sixteen individuals from the local community were selected using purposive and snowball sampling methods. Ethnography allowed the researcher to understand shared patterns within the group. Themes/categories derived from previous research formed the basis for interview questions. The study population consisted of inhabitants in the central core, and themes were continuously revised and finalized through consistent comparison, resulting in ultimate concepts and themes.
This paper explores the feasibility criteria for urban regeneration, emphasizing the development of local community culture in Shahrekord's central core. Urban regeneration, a multifaceted process, encompasses diverse strategies and planning policies. The research sheds light on interventions in Shahrekord, particularly the central core, highlighting deficiencies in residents' participation and urban regeneration education. The lack of trust between residents and the city management system, coupled with the absence of trust in residents' decision-making capabilities, impedes meaningful engagement. The research emphasizes the need for residents' participation in shaping their living environment, connecting it to residence and employment, which provide meaning to livelihood. Social and communicative participation, along with cultural mediation, enhances social ties, meets various human needs, and improves quality of life (QoL) and welfare. The development of local community culture in the central core enhances control over the living environment, leading to socioeconomic transformation and an elevated QoL. The identified criteria—structure, meaning, activity, and social factors—emphasize the importance of a comprehensive approach, considering cultural, economic, functional, and spatial components for successful urban regeneration.


Main Subjects

Alavi namvar , M., Talabi, B., & Maleki, S. (2019) Grounded theory a new approach to evaluating the productivity of educational organizations Case study: Islamic Azad University of East Azerbaijan Province, Sociology Studies, 14(50), 123 -141, doi:30495/JSS.2021.1922107.1298. [in Persian]
Amir-Kafi, M., & Fathi, SH.(2013).Factors affecting attachment to the residential area: a case study: Kerman ", Journal of Iranian Social Studies,5(1),0-0 , [in Persian]
Bababei Morad, B., Hadafi, F., & Bababei Morad, M. (2021). Explaining the role of environmental quality and cross-cultural characteristics of a place in place satisfaction Case study: the coastal strip of Karun River,15(55),7-26, DOI: 10.30495/jss.2021.1940369.1379. [in Persian]
Borani, M., Abdollahzadeh taraf, A., & Faramarzi Asli, M.(2022). Assessing the factors affecting sustainable urban regeneration in the dilapidated fabric of Urmia (case study of the central fabric of the city), Sustainability, development & environment,3(2), 25-46,doi:1001.1.24233846.1401. [in Persian]
Corbin, J., & Strauss, A. (2008). Basics of Qualitative Research (3rd ed.): Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory, DOI:
Ergun, N., & Yirmibesoglu, F. (2015). Fear of Crime among Women in the Old City Center of Istanbul، Current Urban Studies, 29-38. DOI: 10. 4236/cus. 2015. 23014
Ghafari Lashkanari, A., Aghajani, H., Gurji Pashti, M., & Taghipourian, M. (2021). Analysis of cultural citizen's drivers in the field of services with a Beyond approach, Development Welfare Planning Social,12(64), 139-169, [in Persian]
Hanai, T., &Mousavi, M. (2016). Adaptive comparison of the regeneration of inefficient tissues with the aim of producing cultural values, case example: Sarban neighborhood of Bojnord. National conference on urban planning, architecture, civil engineering and environment, holding period: 3. [in Persian]
Hajipour, Kh. (2010). An introduction to the flood of transformation and the development of urban restoration approaches. Iranshahr Thought, (9-10), 16-25. SID. [in Persian]
Herrero-Prieto, L. C, & Gomez-Vega, M. (2017). Cultural resources as a factor in cultural tourism attraction: Technical efficiency estimation of regional destinations in Spain. Tourism Economics, 23(2), 260-280,
Izdafar, N., Rezaei, M., &Mohammadi, H. (2019). Assessment of effective factors on the future of Inefficient Urban Tissue Based o(Case Study: Yazd), Geographical Urban Planning Research, 8(2), 327-345,doi:  22059/JURBANGEO.2020.293372.1199. [in Persian]
Joaquim, R. U. (2014). Culture and Authenticity in Urban Regeneration Processes: Place Branding in Central Barcelona, Urban Studies, 51(14), 3026-3045,
Karimzadeh, A., Shahriari, K., & Ardeshiri, M.(2016)Explanation of the cultural policies affecting the regeneration of a culture-oriented city (with an emphasis on the experiences of urban regeneration in Istanbul, (Turkey), 29(11), doi: 1001.1.17359562.1396.
Khajeh Shahkuhi, A., Madanlojoybari, M., &Samadi, R. (2013). Examining the role of social capital in the renovation of dilapidated urban contexts: Shahrjoibar, Geography and urban-regional planning, 8(3), 15-26, SID. [in Persian]
Leary, M.E., & McCarthy, J. (2013). Companion to Urban Regeneration, NewYork: Routledge. Whipple
Lotfi, S. (2013). Culture-led Regeneration: A Reflection upon Cultural Fundaments and the Act of Regeneration,Fine arts, architecture and urban planning,3(45),49-62, doi: 1001.1.22286020.1390. [in Persian]
mofidi, M. & ghasemsharifi, T.(2019).Culture-led Regeneration with an Emphasis on the Development of a Sustainable Local Society (Case Study: Historical texture of Qazvin Rah-e-Rey District), Geography and Human Relations, 5,268-301, [in Persian]
Montgomery, J. (1990). Cities and the art of cultural planning, Planning practice and research, 5(3).17-24.
Nazari, S., Saghafi Asl, A., & Abdullahzadeh Tarf, A.(2022).Recognition of the Principles of Sustainable Regeneration in the Quality of Urban Spaces, Case Study: Historical Texture of Tabriz, Journal of Sustainable City,5(1),117-132, [in Persian]
Nishtar, S., & Ralston, J. (2013). Can human resources for health in the context of noncommunicable disease control be a lever for health system changes? Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 91(11), 895-6.doi: 2471/BLT.13.118711
O'Connor, J., Gu, X., & Lim, M. K. (2020). Creative cities, creative classes and the global modern, Re-Imagining Creative Cities in Twenty-First Century Asia, 13–26,
Omplexity of Understanding Consumer Behavior from the Marketing Perspective, Complexity, 8, SID:
Osmanian, A., Ghodratgojar, A.& Hashempour, R. (2022). The necessity of determining the culture based principles of urban regeneration on the ethnic and religious localities of Urmia with an emphasis on ethnography, Journal of Engineering and Construction Management (JECM), 7(1):75-82, [in Persian]
Panahi, H. (2014). Cultural development is the necessity of economic, social and political development, Welfare and Social Development Planning Quarterly, 22,1-4,  DOI: 22054/QJSD.2015.1469. [in Persian]
Pourmahdi Amiri, M.(2022).Investigating the feasibility of recreating the worn-out urban fabric in order to improve the quality of life from the perspective of citizen participation,4(4) 457-474, doi:1001.1.26453851.1401. in Persian
Safdari, S., Pourjafar, M. & Ranjbar, E. (2014). Culture led regeneration, grounds of promoting cultural interactions (Case Study: the historical context of Mashhad), Haft SHahr4(47-48),25-39, SID: in Persian
Roodhouse, S. (2010). Cultural quarters: principles and practice. Intellect Books. https: //www. intellectbooks. com/cultural-quarters
Qara Baglo, M., Biti, H., & Seyed Haji Aghaei, A.(2021).Investigating the role of culture-base regeneration in sustainable urban development (a case study of global experiences), Architectural Studies, Iran's Special Journal of Architecture and Urban Planning, 4 (20), 61 [in Persian]
Rapoport, A. (1977). Human Aspects of Urban Form: Towards a Man-Environment Approach to Urban Form and Design, Urban and Regional Planning Series 15. Oxford
Rooh Al-Amini, M. (1998). Cultural field: a compilation in cultural anthropology and anthropology. Tehran: Attar Publications. [in Persian]
Shahriyari, M.(2021).Assessing urban regeneration indicators and its impact on the quality of life of citizens (Case study of Sharifabad neighborhood), Master of Urban Planning Apadana Institute of Higher Education, Shiraz, Iran,14,336-356,doi:1001.1.26453851.1400. [in Persian]
Sustainable urban regeneration in inefficient urban areas and neighborhoods, (2017), Iran Regeneration Company with the participation of the Office of National Regulations and Building Control, Iran Development Publishing
Shatarian, M., Heidari Sorshjani, R., & Falahati, F. (2020). Evaluation of quality of life indexes with approach healthy city (Case study: worn tissue of Kashan city). Journal of Urban Social Geography, 7(1), 65-80. DOI: 10.22103/JUSG.2020.2005. [in Persian]
Shahriari, M.(2021).Measuring urban regeneration indicators and its impact on citizens' quality of life case study of Sharif Abad neighborhood,4(2) 336-356,doi:1001.1.26453851.1400. [in Persian]
Shen, T., Yao, X., & Wen, F. (2021). The Urban Regeneration Engine Model: An analytical framework and case study of the renewal of old communities. Land use policy, 108, 105571\
Smith, M. S. (1996). Crime Prevention through Environmental Design in Parking Facilities, Washington, U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs National Institute of Justice, 87_97
Whipple, J. M., Wiedmer, R., & Boyer, K. (2015). A dyadic investigation of collaborative competence, social capital, and performance in Buyer-Supplier relationships. Journal of supply chain management, 51(2), 3-21.