Housing is considered one of the most important human needs, and marginal settlements are the solution of the low-income sections of the society to the housing problem, and it has gradually led to various problems and has made these settlements face serious challenges. Of course, various approaches have been presented to solve this problem, and empowerment is one of the most up-to-date and efficient of them; One of the most important axis of which is gaining the power to control and master the forces affecting human life.Therefore, the aim of the research is to investigate the relationship between the livability of low-income residential spaces and the empowerment of its residents, and it seeks to answer the question, which factors have the greatest impact on the livability of residential spaces and the empowerment of its residents? And how do each of these factors affect the formation of the relationship between the two, if any? Based on the existing literature, a model of the most effective dimensions and criteria was extracted for the livability of residential spaces and the empowerment of its residents. In order to evaluate the theoretical model, four residential neighborhoods in the four marginalized areas of Tabriz city (Silab, Abuzhar, Zamzam, and Akhmaghayeh neighborhoods) were selected and investigated using the questionnaire method in the context of field studies.The basic research method of this research is correlation, which was evaluated by explaining the pattern of structural equations, viability as an independent variable and empowerment as a dependent variable. Then, the factor loading of each criterion and the position of each variable of the theoretical model was determined. The findings of the research indicate the importance of dimensions of livability of residential spaces in empowering its residents and show that the criteria of livability of residential spaces are in line with the realization of empowering residents. Also, the most effective dimension in the livability of residential spaces is the perceptual-semantic dimension and the most effective dimension in empowering residents is the psychological (cognitive) dimension; that the perceptual-semantic criteria of livability have the greatest impact on the mental capacity of the residents. Among the marginalized areas of Tabriz city, the northern area has low viability and empowerment compared to other areas and needs special attention.