ISSN: 2717-4417

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Urban Planning, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Urban Planning, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran.



Identifying the Factors Affecting the Place Attachment in 3 scales: home, Neighborhood, city


Place attachment serves as a pivotal metric in assessing the spatial quality of space, primarily due to its psychological dimension and its integral connection to the sense of place concept within urban spaces. While extensively utilized in research across various place-related fields, less attention has been devoted to comprehending the influence of the "scale of place" on the development of place attachment.

This study aims to uncover the influential factors shaping place attachment across different scales—namely, home, neighborhood, and city. Employing a qualitative approach, the research seeks to identify the factors impacting attachment through in-depth interviews conducted in six neighborhoods in Tehran. The qualitative content analysis method has been instrumental in extracting key concepts affecting place attachment, delineated into categories across the three scales.

In the scale of the home, four discernible categories—housing structure, social belonging, environmental efficiency, and semantic belonging—emerge. At the neighborhood level, four distinct categories materialize: neighborhood efficiency, belonging to the neighborhood, social capital, and institutional-cognitive values. Meanwhile, the city scale reveals four categories: vitality, accessibility and efficiency, social dependence, and perceptual-semantic value.

Significantly, the research findings underscore the neighborhood scale as the pivotal intermediary in shaping place attachment across all scales. Furthermore, the nature of the categories influencing place attachment is delineated as concrete and objective at the house scale, intangible and subjective at the city scale, and intermediate at the neighborhood scale.

Keywords: Place Attachment, Scale of Place, House, Neighborhood, City


Main Subjects