عنوان مقاله [English]
Mehr Housing project was planned in response to the need for shelter among the middle and lower classes of the Iranian community, but now, after several years of accommodation, research on these complexes to find answers to the following questions is inevitable: How much has this project been successful? Are residents of these complexes satisfied with their housing situation? There is a lot of diversity in the design of these complexes, especially in Hamdedan; some are enclosed and some are connected to urban texture with no difference from other residential apartments. In Hamedan, Mehr Housing is less studied, while it accommodates a large number of citizens. Accordingly, the present research focuses on the physical, spatial and environmental factors inside and outside Mehr residential units in Hamedan. To this end, three enclosed and non-enclosed residential complexes were selected as case studies, and their physical, spatial and environmental components were measured. Most of the global experiences suggest that housing conditions in enclosed residential complexes, as compared to non-enclosed ones, are not as desirable and safe as expected. This was the basis for the hypotheses of the study. The research method in the literature review and theoretical foundations of the research is descriptive and analytical methods. Library documentation, interviews and questionnaires were then used in field studies on residential complexes. SPSS was used to analyze the data through such methods as ANOVA (Bonferroni method), independent t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient and linear regression. The results show that there is a significant difference between the average satisfaction in the three neighborhoods: Madani Town has the highest average satisfaction followed in order by Beheshti Town and Andisheh Town. There is a significant relationship between being enclosed and residential satisfaction in Mehr residential projects of Hamedan. The effect of physical and spatial components on residential satisfaction in each residential complex also suggests that in enclosed complexes, environmental health and, in non-enclosed ones, environmental health, facilities, auxiliary facilities and flexibility are highly effective. Generally, there is no difference between the inner and outer satisfaction in enclosed and non-enclosed complexes, but according to the main hypothesis of the research, the total satisfaction (inside and outside satisfaction) of residents in enclosed residential complexes is higher.